Roger's Reference Home Page.


... after years in production!

For all readers of English literary fiction!

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If You Want To Remove Confusion About Words That Sound The Same, Here Are 9370 Reasons To Get Our Reference Dictionary Or Word List

(Click here to find out more....)

Is this a cyte four soar ayes ... ore watt?

Pardon the use of homophones in the line above - it is a bit confusing, I know - but as this site is all about homophones and homonyms, you'll understand why ... I hope!

Language is a fascinating topic. While it's not unique to the human species, our languages are probably the most structured and complex of all animals.

With greater complexity however, comes also greater potential for confusion. Creativity is in there of course, somewhere, but I think that confusion is king.

Am I being pessimistic? No, I don't think so ... nor am I disheartened.

My point is this: When communicating with each other, the probability for misunderstanding the other is greater than that for actual understanding, in the first instance. Simply reflecting upon your everyday conversation, with whomever, should provide ample illustration for you.

My earliest recollection for this confusion is a joke I saw, many years ago. It went something like this:

Two people are scrubbing a floor, using soap and brushes etc. One person stops, looks around and says: "Where's the soap?" The second, without pausing, responds: "Yes, you're right!" And, carries on working.

The confusion here, of course, is the identical sound of "wears" and "where's" (a contraction of "where is"). Now, if you think that's bad, the software I used to compose this essay and HTML is unable to identify the difference either! When I substitute "Wears" for "Where's" in the above joke, the software saw no grammatical or spelling errors!

(But the same goes for my opening line, above: the software is unable to see anything wrong with that sentence ... or the one at the bottom!)

To be fair to the software however, it's not programmed, of course, to hone in on such grammatical gaffes.

Which means that there's still hope for us, right?

While the potential for confusion is still rampant, almost all of it can be, if not resolved, then at least accommodated by making sure that we - all of us - really listen to each other.

Too many pay lip service to that idea, and are content to say instead: "Read my lips!"

That's a problem!

Now, if I were a New Yorker, I might be inclined to say: Fergeddabouda lips ... lissen to da sound, OK!

However, if you've never thought much about homophones and homonyms before this, then please take the time to browse through this site....

  • Our flagship product is Roger's Reference: The Complete Homonym & Homophone Dictionary, the most comprehensive dictionary of its type on the web, with 9370 words (and still growing). And now priced at only US$2.99!

  • Read about how homophones and homonyms are the backbone of an amusing and thoughtful rhetorical device called 'chiasmus' (rest your mouse pointer on the word to see what I mean).

  • Here's a recent chiastic creation from my database:

    Populist politicians just
    keep on thinking through things
    -- without ever thinking things through....


  • Have you come across chiasmus before this? I've collected a number of them, from many sources — newspapers, books, movies etc — over the years. You can browse through part of my growing collection here.

  • So, while I'm on the topic of quotes, I'm researching the more famous ones - all those that are the most familiar to you, and many others. Why? Well, times change ... and maybe it's time to rework some for modern times. So, click here to allow me to show you what I mean....

  • English is the toughest language to learn. Read here why it's such a crazy language.

  • Got a question? I'd be happy to try to answer it.

  • Find out why I compiled a dictionary and word list.

  • Did I say there is confusion? Discover here how even major dictionaries cannot agree upon consistent definitions for 'homonym' and 'homophone'.

  • And, for those of you who have a particular bent for homophones — and for words that may or may not be homophones — you'll be interested in the Dictionary of Homophones and Commonly Confused Words. Now also priced at a very competitive US$1.99!

  • Review the contents of Volume 1 of my chiastic quotes here, Volume 2 here and Volume 3 here. All three volumes are FREE to download.

  • Have a chuckle here when you read a short piece that is written homophonically.

  • For a complete listing of all of our e-books on homophones and homonyms, please click here

  • Tell me here what you think, if you wish, about this site.

Just remember that, in the final analysis of human endeavors, when you strip away all the paraphernalia and accoutrements with which we all grow up (and disregarding - for the moment - basic necessities), there's one thing left only: conversation . Whew! That's how we started off, millions of years ago.

It's up to all of us to keep the conversation going.

No watt eye mien?

Thanks for taking the time to read through this page.

Roger signing off.
Roger Burke
Twitter: @mayapan1942

P.S. Help to dispel further confusion by ordering your copy of the complete Roger's Reference ebook here for only US$2.99!

P.P.S. Don't need the whole dictionary with word meanings? Then maybe you need just the complete Word List? Click this link to order the ebook immediately. At the throw-away price of just US$0.99!

Or, if you prefer, click here to purchase any eproduct here using your own bitcoin - perhaps more suitable for you!


Curiously Common Words
You know the usual meaning(s) - now rest your mouse on it to find out another, not so common, meaning!

Dreams of adventure become reality when, in 1961, nineteen-year-old Roger Burke gets a job in New Guinea as a Cadet Patrol Officer.

Another Fool's Paradise

So ... come with Roger as he tackles the clash of cultures; the harshness and humor of colonial administration; patrolling in country; earthquakes, tropical diseases and other nasties; investigating murders and suicides; and just missing death by a spear in the gut....

Read a free sample from the ebook and order a full copy here for only $2.99.

February 1st, 2015
Happily, I can now announce the perfect bound, paperback edition of Another Fool's Paradise is now for sale at, and

Another Fool's Paradise at Amazon

Complete with forty plus photos of places visited and patrolled during my time in New Britain, you can order a copy - at $14.99 - by clicking the above image.

AD HOC....


Alt Australia

Twitter: @mayapan1942

Here's the novel app about challenging words used in English literary fiction:

...for all students and readers of English literary fiction.

Get it at Google Play now! And, also now at The App Store.

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