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... after years in production!

For all readers of English literary fiction!

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Defining 'homonym' and 'homophone' may be as difficult as finding a Yeti!

"Well ... what is a homonym anyway?"

Have you ever noticed that it's sometimes really difficult to pin down the definition of a word?

That's pretty common when you look at different dictionaries.

I was surprised, however, to find that the term 'homonym' also has different definitions, depending upon which dictionary you consult.

For example, when I look up 'homonym' in my Oxford, I find the following definition:

Although that says nothing about words that sound the same, well, that seemed OK, I thought. But, what does Webster say? Well ... when I looked, I found something different again:

Well, now ... that's not quite the same as Oxford, is it? The Americans seem to stress the sound of the word, whereas the English emphasize the spelling.

This was becoming more puzzling the further I got into it!

Hence, when I consulted my trusty Chambers (a good friend of 40 years or more), I wasn't at all surprised (by now) to find something different again:

So, in this case, Chambers appears to ignore spelling altogether and concentrate upon sound only. But perhaps, by inference, Chambers doesn't care whether the words are spelt the same or differently?

So, finally ... when I looked up the MacQuarie Dictionary, I was prepared for the worst - and I got it!:

Looks like the Australians are also trying to have it both ways, but they're not quite sure, are they? Is Oxford therefore all wrong? Is Webster sitting on the fence, trying to have it both ways also?

Who is right? Or, are they all wrong?

As somebody once said, "Is a puzzlement!"

In summary, here is what the four are saying:

The only point of absolute agreement concerns "different meanings". To make matters worse, there is the question of homophones.

Once again, there are some differences:

Is there any point of absolute agreement with those four definitions? It seems to me that the deeper I go, the worse it gets!

"Yeah, so ... what are you driving at, eh?"

Well ... wouldn't it be useful if there was some attempt at consistent classification across dictionaries? I know it's not high on the agenda in most people's lives, but I'd like to throw some ideas into the ring, so to speak.

Surely it would be much simpler to just define homonyms as words that are spelt the same and which sound the same, but have different meanings (following Oxford), while words that are spelt differently and sound the same, and have different meanings, are homophones (following MacQuarie). And, leave it at that!

So, words that sound different, but which are spelt the same, are homographs . Hence, as my final take on the issue, homonyms are words spelt the same and sound the same; homophones are spelt differently but sound the same! What could be easier? If you have any suggestions or comments, I'd be delighted to hear from you.

"Well, what good will all of that do, anyway?"

Hmmm ... it would settle any confusion that poor blokes like me encounter when I get different answers, for the same question, from different dictionaries, for starters! It'd also clear up the confusion that surrounds the definitions of 'homonym' and 'homophone' (every person whom I've asked had difficulty defining 'homonym', and I've asked a lot; hey, if all the dictionaries can't agree, it's not all that surprising).

It would also be very helpful to students all over, if we could all rest assured that we were all talking about the same thing!

And, finally, I could move on to more mundane, but more important topics, like paying the internet and phone bill or trying to win the lottery! Or both!

Well, there you have it - my two-cents(sense?) worth to bring some sense to a major difference (apparently) in defining two word classifications. Now ... where was I.... ?

Roger signing off.

P.S. If you want to get stuck into Roger’s Reference immediately, just click here to order via PayPal!

On the other hand, click here to purchase using your own bitcoin, which is easier and faster!

P.P.S. If you're not sure what a Yeti is, my Websters says it's the "abominable snowman" from Tibet. If you want to find out more here's a link that will tell you! It'll take you to Encyclopaedia Britannica where you can do a search on "Yeti". Or, try this Wiki link.

Curiously Common Words
You know the usual meaning(s) - now rest your mouse on it to find out another, not so common, meaning!

Dreams of adventure become reality when, in 1961, nineteen-year-old Roger Burke gets a job in New Guinea as a Cadet Patrol Officer.

Another Fool's Paradise

So ... come with Roger as he tackles the clash of cultures; the harshness and humor of colonial administration; patrolling in country; earthquakes, tropical diseases and other nasties; investigating murders and suicides; and just missing death by a spear in the gut....

Read a free sample from the ebook and order a full copy here for only $2.99.

February 1st, 2015
Happily, I can now announce the perfect bound, paperback edition of Another Fool's Paradise is now for sale at, and

Another Fool's Paradise at Amazon

Complete with forty plus photos of places visited and patrolled during my time in New Britain, you can order a copy - at $14.99 - by clicking the above image.

AD HOC....

2019, July

The app, Sound Words, has been finalized and tested satisfactorily with a dummy database. Unexpected formatting issues, however, with my original database will require more time to modify before it can be used.

Realistically, those mods should be finished by mid-August or earlier. Thereafter, it will be quick to upload to Google Play and The App Store.

2019, September

Data base modifications have been successfully completed. The app is now being assembled and tested for later upload, hopefully this month. Not long now....

2019, October

Unforunately, delay has occurred because of our need to attend a family member who has been hospitalized during this month; recovery is now in progress, but daily attendance at hospital is necessary. Working as quickly as we can to complete the launch of Sound Words.

2019, December

More delays as a result of continued hospitalization for family member who is seriously ill. All progress on Sound Words is delayed until further notice.

Twitter: @mayapan1942

Here's the novel app about challenging words used in English literary fiction:

...for all students and readers of English literary fiction.

Get it at Google Play now! And, also now at The App Store.

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